Teams can be classified according to their objective. The four most
common forms of teams you are likely to find in an organization are
problem-solving teams, self-managed teams, cross-functional teams,
and virtual teams.
A problem-solving team is usually temporary. It is focused on solving a specific issue. This kind of team may be created after the financial crisis or any unplanned event or challenge. It is aimed to come up with solutions to help the company climb out of a steep recession.
Once guidelines are set in place and plans are formed, the task forces and committees are disbanded.
A virtual team involves employees who work in different locations and who rely on the power of communication and collaboration tools to get things done together.
This kind of team provides people with better life-work balance and allow business owners to hire the best experts.
There are different types of virtual teams that are characterized by 3 dimensions: time, space and culture.
Self-managed teams consist of employees of the same company who work together. Although they have a wide set of objectives, their key goal is to reach a common result.
There is no manager here. The members of self-managed teams should determine rules and expectations, solve problems and bare shared responsibilities.
Thinking about creating a self-managed team, you should pay attention to the levels of responsibility and the autonomy that is given to the team.
A cross-functional team consists of members from different departments. This kind of team tackles specific tasks that require different expertise and inputs.
Cross-functional teams are becoming increasingly popular all over the world. However, there is an opinion that the whopping number of all cross-functional teams are dysfunctional.